APHA highlights ASF risk posed by Asian pork imports
11th Jun 2019 / By Alistair Driver
The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) has highlighted the risk of African swine fever entering the UK from Asia.
The agency’s latest update on the situation in Asia highlights how the virus is spreading in China, Mongolia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Hong Kong and, most recently, North Korea.
It also highlights the potential for further spread into the domestic pig and wild pig populations in south-eastern Asia. The presence of soft-bodied argasid ticks could also hinder eradication if found to be able to transmit ASFV, the agency warns.
The overall risk to the UK given the current distribution of ASF in Belgium, Eastern Europe and neighbouring countries is still set at ‘medium’.
However, the agency adds: “There are ongoing concerns around pork products from non-EU countries entering the EU in passenger luggage and then being discarded in areas where wild boar or domestic pigs are present.
“With regular direct flights to the EU and UK from China and eastern Asia, there is a risk of entry of ASF virus in products of animal origin (POAO) from Asia.
“Recent media accounts, in New Jersey (USA) in March and Japan in January, reported the movement of illegal pork products and ASF infected pork products from China in these countries respectively.
“Publicity campaigns are in place (click here) to inform the public and discourage individuals from bringing pork products into UK, with targeted messages to key people such as road hauliers, hunters, pig keepers and veterinarians.”
The risk of ASF introduction to the UK was raised to medium in August 2018, following the confirmation of a number of new outbreaks in Eastern Europe, and subsequent detection of ASF in wild boar in Belgium in September 2018.
Despite the spread of ASF across Asia, the current risk is still considered to be medium. However, the situation is being kept under review and depends on how ASF spreads both within China and across other parts of south-east Asia.
The agency has reiterated its advice to pig keepers and the public for keeping ASF out of the UK domestic pig and feral boar populations.
- All pig keepers and the public are urged to ensure pigs are not fed catering waste, kitchen scraps or pork products, thereby observing the swill feeding ban.
- All pig keepers should be aware that visitors to their premises should not have had recent contact with pigs and pig premises in the affected regions.
- Anybody returning from any ASF-affected area should avoid contact with domestic pigs, whether commercial holdings or smallholdings, areas with feral pigs or wild boar, until they are confident they have no contaminated clothing, footwear or equipment.
- Pig keepers and vets should remind themselves of the clinical signs for ASF. Any suspect cases must be reported promptly. Click here for more information.
- The public is reminded that any feeding of meat products, including swill, kitchen scraps and catering waste, to wild boar or feral pigs is also illegal. A poster reminding pig keepers of this is available here