China and other non-EU countries ban pork from Germany
14th Sep 2020 / By Alistair Driver
China and South Korea have banned pork imports from Germany, following confirmation of African swine fever in wild boar close to the Polish border on Thursday.
A number of non-EU countries have banned German pork exports in the wake of the positive test. They include South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Argentina and Brazil, according to German pig industry organisation ISN.
However, German pork exports to EU countries are continuing because of a regionalisation clause, where import restrictions target the local region where the ASF case is discovered.
China's ban was announced by its customs agency and agriculture ministry on Saturday. This was confirmed by a spokeswoman for the German Food and Agriculture Ministry, who added that the ministry remained in talks with the Chinese government on the matter, according to Reuters.
“Most veterinary certificates agreed for the export of pork from Germany include the statement that Germany is free from African swine fever,” a German ministry spokesman said.
“This statement since yesterday can no longer be made on the certificates.”
In the first four months of 2020, Germany shipped nearly 200,000 tonnes of pork to China alone, behind only the US and Spain as sources of pork for China, figures from Rabobank show.
Germany has supplied about 14% of China’s pork imports so far this year, with German exports to China worth around 1 billion euros ($1.2 billion) annually, according to Reuters.
While the ban will boost China export potential for other major pig producing nations, it will also result in pork that would have gone to China being re-directed onto the EU market.
AHDB analyst Bethan Wilkins said the implications of an export ban might not be as serious as previously feared due to the volume of the pork the EU has been sending to China over the past 18 months.
The volume that would become available for consumption as a result of export bans within the EU would not be large by historic standards, Ms Wilkins said.
If countries that tend to ban suppliers with ASF, including China, impose bans on pork exports from Germany, this could result in 780,000 tonnes earmarked for export this year remaining in the EU instead.
This would push total EU exports below 2019 levels, but they would still higher than in 2018. Supplies on the EU market would be a little higher than 2019 levels (+1%), but still below supplies available in 2015-2018.
German farming representatives had urged China to avoid a nationwide ban on imports of their pork, and the agriculture ministry said it had asked Beijing to apply a regional approach to the swine fever case.