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NPA proposes proportionate approach to new antibiotic targets

1st Jun 2017 / By Alistair Driver

The NPA is urging the Government to adopt a proportionate approach to new long-term antibiotic targets, as the formal negotiation process gets underway.

young pigsIn early June, the NPA and the Pig Veterinary Society will submit a joint pig industry proposal to the Responsible Use of Medicines in Agriculture (RUMA) alliance’s Targets Task Force. Following negotiation with Government, the final targets, expected to run from a baseline of 2015 until 2020, will be announced in October.

Following a reduction in antibiotic use in 2015, according to sales data, a significant further drop in usage is expected to be confirmed for 2016.

Commenting one year on from the publication of the NPA’s widely praised Antibiotic Stewardship Programme, senior policy advisor Georgina Crayford said targets for future reductions must take into account the health and welfare needs of the pig herd.

“We have been given the task, supported by Government, of proposing a reduction target and, as we gain a much better picture of antibiotic usage on UK pig farms through eMB-Pigs, we want to make this challenging, yet achievable.

“Our proposal will reflect this and we are confident we can agree a satisfactory outcome with Defra, as they have been supportive of our approach from the start.

“All parties recognise that drastic reductions over a short space of time could be disastrous for pig health and welfare. The pig industry is absolutely committed to using antibiotics responsibly, as shown by progress made under our stewardship scheme.

“But the changes to infrastructure and management practices on pig farms needed to achieve sustainable usage reductions will require time and investment – and support from Government and the supply chain.”

Antibiotic Stewardship Programme progress

Georgina outlined some of the progress made under the stewardship programme over the past 12 months:

  • Antibiotic data covering more than two-thirds of 2015 pig production is now on the eMB-Pigs database, enabling a robust usage estimate to be made
  • Entering data onto eMB-Pigs is to become a requirement of the Red Tractor pork scheme from this autumn
  • Official Government figures showed sales of antibiotic products licensed for pigs-only were down 24% in 2015, with sales for pigs and poultry down 10 per cent
  • The figures also confirmed low usage of Critically Important Antibiotics (CIAs) and low resistance to these
  • Numerous examples of pig companies, farmers, vets and the allied industries working together to use antibiotics more responsibly
  • For, example, figures supplied by the feed industry showed the proportion of feed for young pigs containing a prescribed antibiotic fell from 37% at the beginning of 2014 to 18% by the end of 2016, with two thirds of the reduction taking place last year
  • Some businesses and individual farms have stopped all in-feed medication and switched to targeted water medication or use of vaccination as an alternative 
  • Practical advice is being made available to farmers and to improve pig health and reduce antibiotic use via industry bodies, such as AHDB Pork, supply chain companies and publications such as Pig World
  • Efforts are being made to improve education across the industry, including the introduction of specific content on responsible antibiotic use to the City & Guilds Level 2 Certificate of Competence in the Safe and Responsible Use of Veterinary Medicines
  • Work is being done to find alternatives to antibiotics, such as through autogenous vaccination, bacteriophage technology and advanced genetic techniques.